[TUHS] DEC RL01/RL02 RX01/RX02 Disk Image Creator

Paul Riley paul at rileyriot.com
Tue Jun 2 08:54:28 AEST 2020


Many thanks for your detailed reply, it’s much appreciated.

I’ll start with the Bkunix utility and see if SimH can use the output, then
move on to your other suggestions if not.


On Mon, 1 Jun 2020 at 11:04 pm, Paul Ruizendaal <pnr at planet.nl> wrote:

> > Team Unix, Is there a Windows or Linux utility to create a disk image in
> any of the above formats, from a local folder tree? Paul *Paul Riley*
> It seems you are asking for two tools in the BK-UNIX toolbox, fsutil and
> dskutil
> https://github.com/sergev/bkunix/tree/master/fsutil
> https://github.com/sergev/bkunix/tree/master/diskutil
> The first generates a Unix 6th edition file system from a local directory
> tree. The result is a binary file with the 512 byte disk blocks stored in
> sequence. Maybe this is what SIMH needs, I’m not into the details of SIMH.
> The second appears to be a tool to take the a file generated by the fsutil
> tool and split that into sectors and tracks. I’m not familiar with this
> tool, but it looks like you might need something similar (I assume that you
> have some way to hook up a 8” drive to your PC?). Sector interleaving may
> be an issue to look out for.
> When preparing a LSX system disk, you will need to think carefully about
> the layout:
> Presumably the disk works with 128 byte sectors and 4 sectors are grouped
> together to create a 512 byte unix block. Check out the disk driver code
> for details:
> https://www.tuhs.org/cgi-bin/utree.pl?file=LSX/sys/decfd.c
> Block 0 contains bootstrap code which is loaded/called from the monitor
> rom (or from a short code sequence keyed in on a “blinkenpanel” console).
> The filesystem itself starts at block 1 and runs up to a block N (you need
> to tell fsutil how big the filesystem needs to be).
> After block N up to the end of the disk is space to contain 2 swapped out
> programs plus 1 block for the return code of the third (default LSX has a
> maximum of 3 processes). You have to figure out how many 512 blocks are on
> your floppy and subtract out the swap space to arrive at a figure for N.
> In the LSX source code ’N’ is known as the define SWPLO, see param.h for
> details:
> https://www.tuhs.org/cgi-bin/utree.pl?file=LSX/sys/param.h
> In this file, 99 blocks are reserved for swap, corresponding to processes
> with 24KB memory; total disk size is defined as 500 blocks, 250KB - note
> that this slightly exceeds the 241KB offered by the standard IBM 77 track
> 26 sector formatting for 8” disks. Probably you will need to tweak the
> values in param.h
> Be careful with size units in the source code. Often sizes are expressed
> in words (2 bytes). Where memory is concerned it is often expressed in
> ‘clicks’, 64 bytes.
> --
*Paul Riley*

Mo: +86 186 8227 8332
Email: paul at rileyriot.com
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