[pups] Progress on 2.11BSD kernel

Steven M. Schultz sms at 2BSD.COM
Thu Mar 20 03:36:58 AEST 2003

Hi -

> From: "Ian King" <iking at killthewabbit.org>
> Well, given the excellent advice I received here (especially from Steven
> Schultz), I got the networking kernel to build after moving a few modules
> around between overlays.  It was indeed the overage on DATA/BSS that was

	Hmmm, if it was an overage on the DATA/BSS (which is hard to do unless
	you overdeclare MAXUSERS or the number of tty devices) then
	shuffling overlays wouldn't have made any difference since overlays
	affect only code and not data allocation.

> Now, when I respond to the boot prompt with 'ra(0,0)unix', I'm getting the
> following:
> <banner for the image, date, time, etc.>
> panic: iinit
> no fs on 5/0

	That says the kernel was not able to mount the root filesystem.  The
	earlier messages about the kernel build date, etc appear because 
	the kernel prints those directly from internal strings  (and the
	kernel is loaded by /boot who doesn't "mount" the root filesystem).

> I'm booting from an RD54, and checking both 'ls -l /dev/ra*' and
> /dev/MAKEDEV, it sure looks to me that the major device number for this
> drive is 5 - am I missing anything yet?  That's what I called out as the

	You're not missing anything so far ;)

	Are there other devices/controllers on the system?   That should work
	(works on my system) but I'm trying to get a handle on what might be
	confusing the kernel.

> for ra.)  Note that this is exactly the same device as I have been using all
> along with the GENERIC kernel, so I know there's really a filesystem there.

	That's the puzzling part - why the old one works but the new one

> (FWIW, I didn't define an autoboot device.)  In ufs_subr.c, I see where this
> message is apparently generated in the getfs() function, but I can't really

	mountfs() calls getfs().   mountfs() is called out of main() in

	The panic "iinit" is in init_main.c after mountfs() has returned

	The times I have seen the 'iinit' panic it's meant that the disklabel
	was either missing _or_ that the root ('a') partition was not of
	type FS_V71K.   I SUPPOSE it's far fetched, but possible, that the
	old kernel predates the check for the filesystem type, thus it ignores
	the type of partition 'a' and assumes it's a valid filesystem.  

	If you have a copy of the standalone 'disklabel' program installed
	in / you can boot that with


	and examine the label that way.   Or boot the tape and load the
	utility that way.   Using the old kernel and running disklabel
	would work too.   If the 'type' for the 'a' partition is not 'FS_V71K'
	that's the problem.

> PS: I'm really glad I followed the advice to copy my old (GENERIC) kernel
> image to 'oldunix' - so I can still boot!

	Ah, glad to hear that the advice came in handy.   The other thing
	that comes in useful is a bootable Zip disk (complete 2BSD system
	fits on a Zip disk if one has a SCSI adaptor around) - came in handy
	when I corrupted/broke 'init' ...


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